Showing posts tagged as "rockfish"
From Collapse to Recovery: A Seafood Success Story!
Just 14 years after the groundfish fishery on the U.S. west coast was declared a commercial failure and an economic disaster, our Seafood Watch program just upgraded 21 species that are recovering in the wild and are now sustainable choices for seafood lovers.
It’s a dramatic turnaround — the most dramatic in the 15-year history of Seafood Watch — and reflects significant improvements in federal fishery management to restore these economically important fisheries in California, Oregon and Washington. It also underscores the important roles that fishermen and our colleagues in the sustainable seafood movement play in bringing the oceans back to health.
The new Seafood Watch rankings mean that species like rockfishes (often sold commercially as “snapper”), as well as spiny dogfish, lingcod and a number of flatfishes, including Dover sole, sand dabs and starry flounder are back on the menu.
"This is one of the great success stories about ecological and economic recovery of a commercially important fishery,” says Margaret Spring, vice president of conservation and science, and chief conservation officer for the Aquarium.
“Not long ago many of these species were in collapse,” says Tim Fitzgerald, who manages the sustainable seafood program for the Environmental Defense Fund – one of the organizations that worked with fishermen and fisheries managers on the turnaround. “Thanks to smarter fishing regulations and fishermen’s commitment to conservation, consumers and seafood businesses can now add West Coast groundfish to their list of sustainable choices.”
What lurks in the darkness of Monterey Bay? To predators, the rosy rockfish’s neon colors appear gray because red light doesn’t reach the deep reef. Thanks to staffer Patrick Webster for this dive footage from 90 feet!
What does it take to display a rare rockfish, like the juvenile cowcod we just added to our brittle star exhibit? This one was caught accidentally by a local fisherman, and we had to ”recompress” the fish in a special chamber devised at the Aquarium.
Rockfish Under Pressure
There are more than 100 species of rockfish, and many prefer life down deep. They can be found at 300 feet or more, and some live at depths to 1,600 feet.
But just as human divers have problems when they come up from the deep, rockfish that are caught and brought to the surface can suffer pressure-related ailments, such as over-inflated swim bladders or bulging eyes (exophthalmia).
Fortunately, the Monterey Bay Aquarium and its partners have developed innovative ways to ensure the health of rockfish destined for our exhibits, where they can serve as ambassadors and promote awareness of the conservation issues that rockfishes face in the wild.
Pumped Up for the Ride Home
While some rockfish are rare, others are abundant. The California Department of Fish and Game has established catch limits based on depth. It’s also established guidelines for returning rockfish that are accidentally caught at depth.
In order to be able to display these beautiful fish, Aquarium collecting staff has developed a series of chambers that “recompress” the captured fish and gradually allow them to acclimate to the shallower depths of our exhibits.
One type of recompressor, made of plastic pipe, uses two chambers that allow newly collected fish to be added as they are caught. “As soon as they’re brought on board, they go into a small chamber,” says Associate Curator of Collecting Joe Welsh. “We lock that down, and in 10 seconds we inflate it to 70 pounds per square inch using a small water pump.” After that, he opens a valve that allows the fish to go into a larger pressurized chamber that can hold up to a dozen fish. The “hyperbaric” device is carried straight from the boat into the Aquarium and connected to a pressurized recirculation system. The fish are gradually depressurized over a period of three to five days before being transferred to a holding tank, and then onto exhibit. The whole process is done under a special permit from the California Department of Fish and Game.
Since Joe started using the process in 2007, he estimates he’s successfully transferred more than 50 rockfish into our exhibits, and numerous others have been transferred to other institutions. We’ve successfully recovered rockfish out of traps from as deep as 600 feet (mostly yelloweye, cowcod, and geenspotted).
“They all recover from the treatment quite well,” says Joe.
How Our Exhibits Benefit
The recompression system “opens up a whole list of species we couldn’t collect before,” says Joe, including fish that live as deep as 300 feet on the continental shelf that extends far offshore. “This shelf habitat is one of the largest in Monterey Bay, and now we can represent it in our exhibits.”
Rockfish species that have been acclimated and displayed include greenspotted (see photos), bocaccio, canary, chilipepper, cowcod, halfbanded, rosy, starry, yelloweye, pygmy, cowcod and widow. At the Aquarium, you can see some of these rockfish in the giant Pacific octopus exhibit, the spot prawn gallery, the brittle star gallery or the Monterey Bay Habitats exhibit.
The recompression process is also being experimented with as a form of therapy for fish that have swim bladder or eye infection problems. “We’re also trying other species, and are using the system to provide fish for research,” says Joe.
But the greatest benefit has been the ability to show more of these colorful and beautiful species. “We’re opening up new habitats and locales for our visitors,” says Joe. “These are fish you otherwise wouldn’t be able to see. It allows us to show a fuller community.”
Joe helped construct the complicated array of pumps, pipes and fittings, and says that “building the train set was half the fun of the whole project.
“How many institutions have the opportunity to do what we do?”
Have you seen them? Our giant Pacific octopus exhibit now includes what may be the largest collection of deep-sea rockfish ever on exhibit, from right here in the bay. This includes chili pepper, halfbanded (shown), short belly and pygmy rockfish. It’s a trick to safely exhibit these fish, which can be found at depths of 300 feet.
Did you know that today is Endangered Species Day, celebrating the 40th anniversary of the federal Endangered Species Act? We rescue, study and care for many endangered species at the Aquarium, in cooperation with government agencies. These include snowy plovers, sharks, sea otters, penguins, rockfish and albatross. How will you celebrate this special day?